Cabbage: Important Facts, Health Benefits, and Recipes

Explore the health benefits, history, and culinary uses of cabbage, a nutritious superfood, and learn storage tips to enjoy this versatile leafy green in your diet.

What is Cabbage?

Cabbage is a leafy green vegetable that belongs to the Brassica family, which also includes broccoli, cauliflower, and kale. Originating from Europe and Asia, cabbage has a mild, slightly sweet taste that lends itself well to a variety of dishes, from coleslaw and salads to stir-fries and soups.

Is Cabbage Healthy?

Yes, cabbage is incredibly healthy! Packed with essential nutrients like vitamins C and K, fiber, and antioxidants, this humble vegetable offers numerous health benefits and can be a valuable addition to a balanced diet.

7 Health Benefits of Cabbage

1. Rich in antioxidants: Cabbage contains powerful antioxidants that help protect cells from damage and reduce inflammation.

2. Boosts immune system: Thanks to its high vitamin C content, cabbage can support a strong immune system and fight off infections.

3. Improves digestion: The fiber in cabbage promotes regular bowel movements and a healthy gut.

4. Supports heart health: Cabbage contains nutrients that help lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease.

5. Aids in weight loss: Low in calories and high in fiber, cabbage can be a great addition to a weight loss plan.

6. Promotes healthy skin: Vitamin C in cabbage is essential for collagen production, which keeps skin looking youthful and healthy.

7. Reduces cancer risk: Studies suggest that the compounds in cabbage may help protect against certain types of cancer.

History and Background of Cabbage

Cabbage has been cultivated for thousands of years, with evidence of its use dating back to ancient Greece and Rome. Over time, it spread throughout Europe and Asia, where it became a staple food in many cultures. Today, cabbage is grown and consumed worldwide, with China, India, and Russia among the largest producers.

Different Types of Cabbage

There are several types of cabbage, including green, red, savoy, and napa. Each variety has its unique flavor and texture, making them suitable for different culinary applications.

What Is The Best Way to Store Cabbage?

To keep cabbage fresh and crisp, store it in the refrigerator, wrapped in plastic or placed in a sealed container. Properly stored, cabbage can last up to two weeks.

What Is The Best Substitute for Cabbage If I Don't Have Any?

If you're out of cabbage, consider using kale, collard greens, or bok choy as a substitute, as they have similar texture profiles. 

What Are The Cuisines That Use Cabbage?

Cabbage is a popular ingredient in many cuisines, including Chinese, Korean, Polish, and German.

Can You Freeze Cabbage?

Yes, cabbage can be frozen. To do so, blanch the leaves in boiling water for a few minutes, then transfer them to an ice bath to stop the cooking process. Drain, pat dry, and store in airtight containers or freezer bags.

Why is Cabbage Sometimes Bitter?

Cabbage can sometimes taste bitter due to the presence of compounds called glucosinolates. Cooking methods like sautéing, boiling, or steaming can help reduce the bitterness.

Can You Roast Cabbage In The Oven?

Yes, you can roast cabbage in the oven! It's a fantastic way to use up extra cabbage in the fridge and bring out a different flavor profile. Here's a simple recipe for roasted cabbage:


  • 1 head of cabbage
  • Olive oil
  • Salt and pepper to taste
  • Optional seasonings: garlic powder, paprika, dried herbs, etc.


  1. Preheat your oven to 425°F (220°C).
  2. Remove any outer leaves from the cabbage and cut it into wedges, about 1 inch thick, leaving the core intact to hold the wedges together. Place the cabbage wedges on a baking sheet lined with parchment paper or foil.
  3. Drizzle olive oil over the cabbage wedges, making sure to coat them evenly.
  4. Sprinkle salt, pepper, and any other desired seasonings over the cabbage.
  5. Flip the wedges and repeat the oil and seasoning on the other side.
  6. Place the baking sheet in the preheated oven and roast for about 25-30 minutes, or until the cabbage is tender and caramelized. Flip the wedges halfway through cooking to ensure even browning.

Best Cabbage Recipes